NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

HIGHLIGHTS, WHERE THEY ARE AND HOW TO VISIT THEM

Home Up Manu National Park Machu Picchu Reserve Salinas & Aguadas Blancas titicaca National Reserve Colca Canyon San Fernando Reserve Pampas Galeras National Reserve Vicuñas Guanacos Wildllife


 

 
 

PAMPA GALERAS NATIONAL RESERVE

PAMPA GALERAS NATIONAL RESERVE: Created to breed endangered vecuñas: From less than 6,000 worldwide in 1968 to now 300,000+. Also Best place to see Guanaco.

By the mid-60s, the world population of vicuñas had decreased to less than 6,000 animals, 1,000 of which lived in the Reserve when it was created in 1967; in 1993, the name was adjusted to Reserva National Pampa Galeras Bárbara D’Achille to honor the conservationist/news reported murdered by the Sendero Luminoso, Lightened Path, the ill-famed Peruvian terrorist group. Thanks to a very effective protection and research program, 15 years later, the population in Peru had grown to 52,000 animals, 5,000 of which lived in the reserve proper.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places for which Peru is so famous, and on top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site LimaWorld Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

The reserve is located at a high elevation between 4,000 and 5,000m, at an hour's ride from the city of Nazca, over a road climbing un from the coastal desert to the Altiplano, where the vegetation is primarily made up of dry grasses, like, Festuca sp., Stipa ichu and Calamagrostis sp. In wind-protected pockets, some remnant groves of Polylepsis sp. survive. In this barren environment, vicuñas thrive and have some of the highest densities in the country. The reserve proper is no more than 6,500ha, but the semi-protected surrounding bufferzone is about 60,000ha.

 

Financed by the German government in the 1970s, a research station and a parks ranger school were built in the reserve, which has ultimately led to some of the finest success stories in conservation, as nowadays some 400,000 individuals roam the highlands of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. In Perú, the population is managed under the supervision of CONACS, the National Council for South-american Camel species. Nowadays, the facilities are in disarray and watched over by a single park ranger.

 

With their numbers recovered to such high levels, the vicuñas are now scientifically managed during traditional festive events on 24 June, called "chaku" when the communities round up the animals and shear the valuable coats of the animal every 3 years. 

 

Another iconic wild Camel species is the Guanaco, which usually lives at lower elevations that the vicuñas, but which does occur in the reserve. Moreover, many species of birds frequent the area, including a variety of birds of prey and the Andes Condor.

 
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Pampa Galeras National Reserve:

Entrance sign of Pampa Galeras National Reserve.

The research and ranger school at Pampa Galeras has fallen in disarray, but still is a monument to successful conservation

   
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Pampa Galeras National Reserve:

Vicuñas live at great densities in and around the reserve.

   
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Pampa Galeras National Reserve:

Guanacos, known by their larger size and dark head occur in the reserve as well as at lower elevations towards the coastal deserts.

The Andean Fox, is common on the Altiplano, though not often seen, due to a continuous persecution.

   
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Old man cactus, Pampa Galeras, Peru Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Andes flower, probably an Senecio sp.

This is hairy cactus species is commonly known as "Old Man Cactus"

This species is probably a senecio sp., but if someone can verify the species, that would be great.

   

Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Antes altiplano Polylepis incana trees.

Polylepsis is a high elevation tree that grows as high as 4,000m and is one of the world's highest growing tree species. Most forests have been cut down as fuel wood and for construction, but a few groves survivein Pampa Galeras National Reserve, from where slow recovery is possible.

 

Nazca Climate

CLIMATE IN NAZCA, PERU. INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Nazca lies at an elevation of around 500 m and has a desert climate, due to the Humboldt current. Often the days begin with an overcast sky, but clouds disappear by 9:00 - 10:00, allowing for flights over the Nazca lines. Down at the coast of San Fernando National Reserve, the climate is even drier, with hardly any precipitation at all. The little vegetation that one finds there probably depends on moisture brought in by nightly fogs.

 

As one rises from Nazca to Pampa Galeras, humidity gradually rises, while temperatures fall, which makes for fascinating desert vegetation transitions over very short distances.

Climate of Nazca

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

30.7
(87.3)

31.3
(88.3)

31.3
(88.3)

30.4
(86.7)

28.3
(82.9)

27.1
(80.8)

25.3
(77.5)

26.5
(79.7)

28.3
(82.9)

28.9
(84)

29.8
(85.6)

30.0
(86)

28.99
(84.17)

Average low °C (°F)

16.8
(62.2)

17.8
(64)

16.9
(62.4)

14.8
(58.6)

12.2
(54)

9.3
(48.7)

7.9
(46.2)

9.3
(48.7)

10.1
(50.2)

11.5
(52.7)

12.4
(54.3)

14.9
(58.8)

12.83
(55.07)

Precipitation mm (inches)

2
(0.08)

2
(0.08)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

4
(0.16)

Source: Climate-data.org (UN), Climate of Nazca

   

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