NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

HIGHLIGHTS, WHERE THEY ARE AND HOW TO VISIT THEM

Home Up Manu National Park Machu Picchu Reserve Salinas & Aguadas Blancas titicaca National Reserve Colca Canyon San Fernando Reserve Pampas Galeras National Reserve Vicuñas Guanacos Wildllife


 

 

VICUÑA FACTS

VICUÑA (VICUGNA VICUGNA), THE WILD ANCESTER TO THE ALPACA lives in the Andes from Ecuador to Chili and Argentina in mostly the arid puna or altiplano.

Vicuña Facts

Vicuñas are one of two wild camelid species living in the Andes and is the wild ancestor of the Alpaca; the other being the Guanaco, ancestor to the Lama. The iconic animal is the national mammal of Peru and appears in its coat of arms.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places for which Peru is so famous, and on top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site LimaWorld Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

Vicuñas produce a highly valued wool, which sells for $300/kg. The wool consists of one of the finest wool fibers - 12 micrometers - in the world and is right up there with cashmere and angora wool. One animal will annually only grow about 0.5 kg of wool, and shearing is rather laborious, as the animals are wild. Prices for vicuña wool can range from US$1,800 to US$3,000 per yard. However, annually, up to 22,500 kg of vicuña wool are exported as a result of illegal activities. Through special government programs, much of the proceeds of the sales go to the local communities that harvest the wool.

 

The animal is so interesting from an economic point of view, as it lives on high elevations, above 3800 m, where very little else but harsh dry grasses will cover the highlands, thus producing income form otherwise unproductive land.

 

In fact, its wool almost brought the animal to extinction in the 1960s, when ultimately only 6,000 animals had survived ruthless hunting practices.  In the 1970s, the animals became protected and were guarded in Pampa Galeras, where a rigid protection program helped the animals to recover, and over time the animals started re-invading the altiplano, not only in Peru, but also in Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. A small herd has been introduced to the paramo of the Chimborazo in Ecuador, where the herd has grown to more that 6,000 animals, while in its original territories, populations have grown back to healthy levels of 400,000 thousand animals and numbers are still growing. This is considered one of the world's great conservation success stories.

 

However, with such high wool prices, the animal remains subject to illegal poaching and it is estimated that 25 tons of wool leave the country from illegal practices. Given its extremely high wool prices, the animal remains subject to poaching and therefore is considered vulnerable, in spite of its large numbers. Probably its greatest protection is the interest of the local communities, that benefit from the wool proceeds. As such, they watch over the animals against poachers.

 
Vicuñas: an icon for conservation and a major tourism attraction. Vicuñas: A gorgeous wild animal with incredibly beautiful eyes with long eyelashes.

A gorgeous wild animal with incredibly beautiful eyes with long eyelashes not only produces some of the world's highest priced wool, but is also an icon for conservation and a major tourism attraction for the countries where it lives.

 

Vicuñas: some of the finest natural wool on the market. Vicuñas: Vicuñas live in herds of 1 male with up to 15 females.

Vicuñas live in herds of 1 male with up to 15 females, while bachelor male herds may have as many as 50 individuals.

 

Vicuñas: Flattened hoofs serve well when wading through seasonal mud pools and salt beds. Vicuñas: Although "hoofed" animals, camel species don't have real hoofs but rather flattened toes that spread on thick cushions.

Although "hoofed" animals, camel species don't have real hoofs but rather flattened toes that spread on thick cushions. For vicuñas these serve well when wading through seasonal mud pools and salt beds.

   
Vicuñas: These vicuñas are clearly recently sheared. Vicuñas: Vicuñas are rather territorial and defecate on large piles, thus concentrating organic material.

These vicuñas are clearly recently sheared.

Fact: Vicuñas are rather territorial and defecate on large piles, thus concentrating organic material.

Vicuñas: Coat of Arms Peru with vicuña.

Coat of Arms of Peru with a Vicuña as the national mammal.

   

Download Brochure

  National Parks Tours

 

NATIONAL PARKS-WORLDWIDE is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA, a social responsibility and conservation company. About CO2 emission offset for your travels.

Phone:

(++)(1) 304 - 581 - 7740

Email:

Talk or chat with us on Skype in English, Spanish or French. Our Skype name:

ecotravelworldwide

A picture is worth a thousand words. We have hundreds of high resolution pictures on this website, that you can see enlarged by clicking on them. Read our disclaimer.